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The goal of this project is to make USC’s unique collection of Russian Satirical Journals produced during the revolutionary upheaval of 1905-1907 available on line, accompanied by a searchable database which will offer detailed information on these rare periodicals, those who produced them, and their cultural and historical context.

The Revolution of 1905, sometimes referred to as “the first Russian Revolution,” was a period of major social, political and cultural upheaval. Catalyzed by Russia’s defeat in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05 and inaugurated by the killing of unarmed protesters on what became known as “Bloody Sunday” (January 22 [January 9 Old Style], 1905), the revolution led to the end to Russian autocracy and the country’s first experiment in constitutional democracy.

The Satirical Journals are a phenomenon of remarkable cultural exuberance and diversity. Revolutionary conditions led to major reforms in the press law and a period of unprecedented freedom of expression that found dramatic expression in these illustrated periodicals. The journals represent a collaboration of some of the best artists, writers, and illustrators of the time—including Leonid Andreev, Leon Bakst, Alexander Benois, Ivan Bilibin, Ivan Bunin, Kornei Chukovsky, Mstislav Dobuzhinskii, Maksim Gorky, Boris Kustodiev, Evgenii Lansere, Leonid Pasternak, Fedor Sologub, Konstantin Somov, and many others.

The satirical journals were decidedly a phenomenon of popular culture, with immediate impact on the street, although many of the writers and artists who took part belonged to the artistic elite, including those from the “World of Art” group. These were mass-circulation periodicals with an overall circulation estimated at close to thirty million issues. Note that while these publications are referred to as “journals,” many are actually closer to newspapers or broadsheets, many of them printed on newsprint. USC’s collection contains approximately 150 Russian-language titles in about 600 issues with over 6500 pages of text. (There are also several in Ukrainian.)

Together with their rich artistic and literary interest, the satirical journals chronicle a complex and important episode in Russian political, social and cultural life, and provide first-hand material on such issues as the birth of legal Russian party politics; strikes, unions and labor relations; censorship and the press; foreign affairs; pogroms and anti-Semitism. While the majority of these journals were politically liberal, there are also anti-Semitic satirical journals in the collection. Journals published not only in St. Petersburg and Moscow, but across the Russian Empire and in many of its languages, including Yiddish. Ukrainian, Armenian, Polish, Estonian, and Georgian.

Digitization will be done to current best practices standards for the imaging of cultural heritage materials, and cataloguing will be done in accordance with best practices for creation of qualified Dublin Core metadata. The site and datatbases will be bi-lingual—in English and Russian, and stored in the USC Libraries Digital Archive so that the metadata will be made available for harvesting by other institutions through USC’s OAI-PMH data provider.


Project Team: Marcus Levitt, Professor, Dept. of Slavic Languages and Literatures, and Deborah Holmes-Wong, Associate Director, Integrated Library Systems - Principal Investigators; Bhagirathi Subrahamyan, Head of Cataloging Unit and Metadata Analyst.

Giao Baker, Digital Imaging Manager; Cyrus Farajpour, System Administrator; Matt Gainer, Director, USC Digital Library; Joyce Ouchida, Senior Web Developer; Zahid Rafique, MIS Director; Yuri Shcherbina, Metadata Manager; Wayne Shoaf, Director of Technical Services.

Graduate Research Assistants: Adele Di Ruocco, Asya Vanyakina, Oleg Minin (PhD 2008), Anya Krivoruchko, Natalia Dame, Bernadetta Palumbo, Assel Mukhametzhanova (Muskie Fellowship Intern).

Undergraduate Research Assistants: Marsha Lubinsky, Emily Friedman, Anna Holmes, Joe Hannon, Darya Zakharova, Jenny Huang, Nune Grigoryan.



Beliaeva, L. N., M. K. Zinov'eva, M. M. Nikiforov. Bibliografiia periodicheskikh izdanii Rossii, 1901-1916. Ed. Barashenkova, V. M., O. D. Golubeva, N. L. Morachevskii. Vols. 1-4. Leningrad: Gosudarstvennaia publichnaia biblioteka imeni Saltykova-Shchedrina, 1958-1961.

Demchenko, E. P. Satiricheskie zhurnaly Rossii perioda revolutsii 1905-1907 gg.: Katalog kollektsii TSNB AN USSR. . Kiev: Akademiia nauk USSR, Tsentral’naia nauchnaia biblioteka, Otdel knigovedeniia 1976.

Fedotova, Z. V. and N. F. Chernysheva. Russkie satiricheskie zhurnaly 1905-1907 gg.: Katalog kollektsii. Moskva: Gosudarstvennaia publichnaia istoricheskaia biblioteka, 1980.

Mintslov, S. R. Satiricheskie zhurnaly. Knigokhranilishche S. R. Mintslova. St. Petersburg, 1913.

Pokrovskaia, Z. A. Russkaia satiricheskaia periodika 1905-1907 gg.: Svodnyi katalog. Russkaia kniga XX veka v sobranii Gosudarstvennoi biblioteki SSSR imeni V.I. Lenina, vyp. 2. Moscow: Gosudarstvennaia Ordena Lenina biblioteka SSSR imeni V.I. Lenina, 1980.

Rudzinskii, P. T. Satiricheskie zhurnaly pervoi russkoi revolutsii 1905-1907 gg.: Katalog. Novosibirsk: Akademiia nauk SSSR, Sibirskoe otdelenie, 1990.

Siemaszkiewicz, Wojciech. Russian and Soviet Visual Culture 1860-1935: A Bibliography of Secondary Sources Published in Last Twenty Years Held at The New York Public Library as of December 2007. New York: New York Public Library, Slavic and Baltic Division, 2007.

Timonich, A. Russkaia satiricheskaia zhurnalistika 1905-1907: Materialy po bibliografii. Moscow, 1930.

Vinogradov, N. N. "Satira i iumor v 1905-1907 gg.: Bibliograficheskii ukazatel'." Bibliograficheskie izvestia, 3-4. (Moscow: Russkoe bibliograficheskoe obshchestvo pri imperatorskom Moskovskom universitete, 1916): 121-136.

Zibarev, V. A. and G. I. Kolosova. Satiricheskie zhurnaly 1905-1907 gg. v fondakh Nauchnoi biblioteki Tomskogo universiteta: Katalog. Tomsk: Izd-vo Tomskogo universiteta, 1988.

The Satirical Journals; Art and Satire

Benecke, Gerhard. "The Politics of Outrage: Social Satire in the Cartoons of 'Simplicissimus', 1896-1914." Twentieth Century Studies 13/14 (1975): 92-108.

Betz, Margaret. "The Caricatures and Cartoons of the 1905 Russian Revolution: Images of the Opposition." Ph.D. Dissertation. City University of New York, 1984.

Botsianovskii, Vladimir. Nikolai II v karikature. Leningrad: Byloe, 1925.

Botsianovskii, Vladimir, and E. F. Gollerbach. Russkaia satira pervoi revoliutsii 1905-1906. Leningrad: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo, 1925. Reprint Cambridge, Eng.: Oriental Research Partners, 1971.

Bowlt, John. Khudozhniki russkogo teatra, 1880-1930: Sobranie Nikity i Niny Lobanovykh-Rostovskikh. Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1994.

Bowlt, John E. The Silver Age: Russian Art of the Early Twentieth Century and the "World of Art" Group. Newtonville, Mass.: Oriental Research Partners, 1982.

Bowlt, John E. "Art and Violence: The Russian Caricature in the Early Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries." Twentieth Century Studies 13/14 (1975): 56-76.

Bowlt, John E. "Russian Caricature and the 1905 Revolution," Print Collector's Newsletter 1 (March-April, 1978): 5-8.

Bowlt, John E. "Through the Glass Darkly: Images of Decadence in Early Twentieth-Century Russian Art." Journal of Contemporary History 17: 1 (January, 1982): 93-110.

Demchenko, E. P. Politicheskaia grafika Kieva. Period revolutsii 1905-1907 gg. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 1976.

Dreiden, Simon. 1905-i god v satire i iumore. Leningrad: KUBUCH, 1925.

Dreiden, S. and K. Chukovskii. Russkaia revolutsiia v satire i iumore. Moscow: Izvestiia TSIK SSSR i VTSIK, 1925.

Dul'skii, Petr Maksimovich. Grafika satiricheskikh zhurnalov 1905-1906 gg. Kazan': Izdanie Tatgosizdata, 1922.

Gomberg-Verzhbinskaia, E. P. Russkoe iskusstvo i revolutsiia 1905 g.: Grafika, Zhivopis'. Leningrad: Leningradskii universitet, 1960

Goulzadian, Anne. L'Empire du dernier tsar: 410 cartes postales, 1896-1917. Collection "Les Peuples par l'image". [Paris]: Astrid, 1982.

Grand-Carteret, John. Nicolas, ange de la paix, emperateur du knout, devant l'objectif caricatural. Images russes, anglaises ... américaines, etc. Paris: L. Michaud, 1906.

Isakov, S. K. 1905 god v satire i karikature. [Leningrad]: Priboi, 1928.

Kennedy, Janet. The "Mir iskusstva" Group and Russian Art, 1898-1912. New York: Garland, 1977.

Lobanov, V. M. 1905-i god v russkoi zhivopisi. Moscow: Z. I. Grzhebin, 1922.

Stern, Leo, and Hellmuth Weber. Despotie in Der Karikatur: Die Russische Revolution 1905-1907 Im Spiegel Der Deutschen Politischen Karikatur. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1967.

Wright, Thomas. A History of Caricature and Grotesque in Literature and Art. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 1968.

Albums and Exhibit Catalogues

Albom revoliutsionnoi satiry 1905-1906 gg. Ed. S. I. Mitskevich. Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatelstvo, 1925.

King, David and Cathy Porter. Blood and Laughter: Caricatures from the 1905 Revolution. London: Jonathan Cape, 1983.

King, David and Cathy Porter. Images of Revolution: Graphic Art from 1905 Russia. New York: Pantheon Books, 1983.

Pokrovskaia, Z. A. and L. I. Iuniverg. Satiricheskie zhurnaly pervoi russkoi revoliutsii (1905-1907): Katalog vystavki. Moscow: Gos. biblioteka im. V.I. Lenina, 1975.

Popkova, N. A. Satiricheskie zhurnaly 1905-1907: Katalog. Saratov: Saratovskii gos. universitet im. N.G. Chernyshevskogo, 1991.

Shleev, Vladimir Vasil'evich. Revoliutsiia 1905-1907 godov i izobrazitel'noe iskusstvo: Seriia al'bomov. Vyp. 1: Petersburg; vyp. 2: Moskva i Rossiiskaia provintsiia; vyp 3: Ukraina i Moldavia; vyp. 4:. Latviia, Estoniia. Moscow: Izobrazitel’noe iskusstvo, 1977-89.

History of the 1905 Revolution

Note: There are a large number of works on the politics of the 1905 Revolution published in Russian in the Soviet Union (especially around 1955, its fiftieth anniversary) that are not included in this bibliography.

Alzona, Encarnación. Some French Contemporary Opinions of the Russian Revolution of 1905. Studies in history, economics and public law, v. 100, no. 2, whole no. 228. New York: Columbia University, 1921.

Ascher, Abraham. The Revolution of 1905: Russia in Disarray. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1988.

Ascher, Abraham. The Revolution of 1905: Authority Restored. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1992.

Ascher, Abraham. The Revolution of 1905: A Short History. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2004.

Bascomb, Neal. Red Mutiny: Eleven Fateful Days on the Battleship Potemkin. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2007.

Baylen, Joseph O. The Tsar's "Lecturer-General": W. T. Stead and the Russian Revolution of 1905, with Two Unpublished Memoranda of Audiences with the Dowager Empress Marie Fedorovna and Nicholas II. Atlanta: [School of Arts and Sciences, Georgia State College], 1969.

Engelstein, Laura. Moscow, 1905: Working-Class Organization and Political Conflict. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1982.

Floyd, David. Russia in Revolt: 1905: The First Crack in Tsarist Power. London: Macdonald, 1969.

Freeze, Gregory L. From Supplication to Revolution: A Documentary Social History of Imperial Russia. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Ganelin, R. Sh. Rossiiskoe samoderzhavie v 1905 godu: Reformy i revoliutsiia. St. Petersburg: Nauka, S-Peterburgskoe otdelenie, 1991.

Geifman, Anna, ed. Russia Under the Last Tsar: Opposition and Subversion, 1894-1917. Oxford: Blackwell, 1991.

Harcave, Sidney. First Blood: The Russian Revolution of 1905. London: The Bodley Head, 1964. Also as: The Russian Revolution of 1905. London: Collier-Macmillan, 1970.

Hough, Richard Alexander. The Potemkin Mutiny. New York: Pantheon Books, 1961.

Koroleva, N. G. Pervaia rossiiskaia revoliutsiia i tsarizm: Sovet Ministrov Rossii v 1905-1907 gg. Moscow: Nauka, 1982.

Larsson, Reidar. Theories of Revolution: From Marx to the First Russian Revolution. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1970.

Mehlinger, Howard D., and John M. Thompson. Count Witte and the Tsarist Government in the 1905 Revolution. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1972.

Menashe, Louis. "Alexander Guchkov and the Origins of the Octobrist Party: The Russian Bourgeoisie in Politics, 1905." Ph. D. Dissertation, New York University, 1966.

Miliukov, Pavel Nikolaevich. God bor'by: Publitsisticheskaia khronika 1905-1906. St. Petersburg: Biblioteka "Obshchestvennaia pol'za," 1907.

Pankratova, A. M. Pervaia russkaia revoliutsiia 1905-1907 gg. [Moscow]: Gos. izd-vo polit. lit-ry, 1951.

Pipes, Richard. The Russian Revolution. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1990.

Rogger, Hans. Russia in the Age of Modernization and Revolution, 1881-1917. London: Longman, 1983.

Reichman, Henry Frederick. Russian Railwaymen and the Revolution of 1905. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.

Rice, Christopher. Russian Workers and the Socialist-Revolutionary Party Through the Revolution of 1905-07. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1988.

Sablinsky, Walter. The Road to Bloody Sunday: Father Gapon and the St. Petersburg Massacre of 1905. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1976.

Salisbury, Harrison E. Black Night, White Snow: Russia's Revolutions, 1905-1917. New York: Da Capo, 1981.

Schwarz, Solomon M. The Russian Revolution of 1905: The Workers' Movement and the Formation of Bolshevism and Menshevism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967.

Seregny, Scott Joseph. Russian Teachers and Peasant Revolution: The Politics of Education in 1905. Indiana-Michigan Series in Russian and East European Studies. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989.

Shanin, Teodor. Russia, 1905-07: Revolution as a Moment of Truth. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

Shul'gin, V. V., and Bruce Friend Adams. Days of the Russian Revolution: Memoirs from the Right, 1905-1917. Gulf Breeze, FL: Academic International Press, 1990.

Sidorov, A. L. Vysshii pod"em revoliutsii 1905-1907 gg.: Vooruzhennye vosstaniia noiabr'-dekabr' 1905 goda. Revoliutsii 1905-1907 gg. v Rossii. Moscow: Akademiia nauk SSSR, 1955.

Smele, Jon, and Anthony Heywood. The Russian Revolution of 1905: Centenary Perspectives. Routledge Studies in Modern European History, 9. London: Routledge, 2005.

Smith, Nathan. "The Constitutional-Democratic Movement in Russia, 1902-1906." Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Illinois, 1977.

Spector, Ivar. The First Russian Revolution: Its Impact on Asia. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1962.

Stern, Leo. Die Auswirkungen der ersten russischen Revolution von 1905-1907 auf Deutschland. Archivalische Forschungen zur Geschichte der deutschen Arbeiterbewegung, Bd. 2, I-II. Berlin: Rütten & Loening, 1954.

Surh, Gerald D. 1905 in St. Petersburg: Labor, Society, and Revolution. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1989.

Thompson, Arthur William, and Robert A. Hart. The Uncertain Crusade: America and the Russian Revolution of 1905. [Amherst]: University of Massachusetts Press, 1970.

Trotsky, Leon. 1905. New York: Random House, 1971.

Trusova, N. S. Revoliutsionnoe dvizhenie v Rossii vesnoi i letom 1905 goda. Revoliutsiia 1905-1907 gg. v Rossii. Moscow: Akademiia nauk SSSR, 1957.

Verner, Andrew M. The Crisis of Russian Autocracy: Nicholas II and the 1905 Revolution. Studies of the Harriman Institute. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Weber, Max, trans. and ed. Gordon C. Wells and Peter Baehr. The Russian Revolutions. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1995.

Wise, Andrew Kier. Aleksander Lednicki: A Pole Among Russians, a Russian Among Poles: Polish-Russian Reconciliation in the Revolution of 1905. East European monographs, no. 620. Boulder: East European Monographs, 2003.

Wynn, Charters. Workers, Strikes, and Pogroms: The Donbass-Dnepr Bend in Late Imperial Russia, 1870-1905. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1992.

Zimmerman, Judith Elin. Between Revolution and Reaction: The Russian Constitutional Democratic Party, October, 1905 to June, 1907. New York: The Author, 1967. [Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University].

Journalism, Censorship, Publishing

Ambler, Effie. The Career of Aleksei S. Suvorin: Russian Journalism and Politics. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1972.

Balmuth, Daniel. Censorship in Russia, 1865-1905. Washington: University Press of America, 1979.

Berezhnoi, A. F. Tsarskaia tsenzura i borba bolshevikov za svobodu pechati 1895-1914. Leningrad: Leningradskii Universitet, 1967.

Brooks, Jeffrey. When Russia Learned to Read: Literacy and Popular Literature, 1861-1917. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985.

Ferenczi, Caspar. "Freedom of the Press under the Old Regime, 1905-1914." In Civil Rights in Imperial Russia, ed. Olga Crisp and Linda Edmondson, 191-214. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989.

Golubeva, O. D. "Izdatel'skoe delo v Rossii v period pervoi russkoi revolutsii (1905-1907)." Kniga: Issledovania i materially 24 (1972): 115-41.

Gurko, V. I. Features and Figures of the Past: Government and Opinion in the Reign of Nicholas II, ed. J.E. Wallace Sterling, Xenia Joukoff Eudin [and] H. H. Fisher; trans. Laura Matveev. Stanford: Stanford University Press; London: H. Milford, Oxford University Press, 1939.

McReynolds, Louise. The News Under Russia's Old Regime: The Development of a Mass-Circulation Press. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

McReynolds, Louise. "The Russian Intelligentsia in the Public Sphere: The Mass-Circulation Press and Political Culture, 1860-1917." The Communication Review 1.1 (1995): 83-100.

Mintslov, S. R. "14 mesiatsev svobody pechati 17 ok. 1905-1 ianv. 1907 g." Byloe, 3 (1907): 126-128.

Patrusheva, N. G. Tsenzura v Rossii v kontse XIX nachale XX veka, ed. M. A. Benina. St. Petersburg: Dmitrii Bulanin, 2003.

Ruud, Charles. Fighting Words: Imperial Censorship and the Russian Press, 1804-1906. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982.

Stein, Sarah Abrebaya. Making Jews Modern: The Yiddish and Ladino Press in the Russian and Ottoman Empires. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004.

Valle-de-Barr, E. A. "Svoboda" russkoi pechati posle 17-go oktiabria 1905 goda. Samara: Zemskaia tipografiia, 1906.

Right-Wing Politics and Anti-Semitism

Bokhanov, A. "Hopeless Symbiosis: Power and Right-Wing Radicalism at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century." In Russia Under the Last Tsar. Opposition and Subversion, 1894-1917, ed. Anna Geifman, 199-213. Oxford: Blackwell, 1991.

Frankel, Jonathan. Jewish Politics and the Russian Revolution of 1905. Spiegel Lectures in European Jewish History, 4. Tel-Aviv: Tel Aviv University, 1982.

Hoffman, Stefani, and Ezra Mendelsohn. The Revolution of 1905 and Russia's Jews. Jewish Culture and Contexts. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.

Kirianov. I. I. Pravye partii v Rossii 1911-1917. Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2001.

Laqueur, Walter. Black Hundred: The Rise of the Extreme Right in Russia. New York: HarperCollins, 1993.

Löwe, Heinz-Dietirch. The Tsars and the Jews. Reform, Reaction and Anti-Semitism in Imperial Russia, 1772-1917. Chur, Switzerland; Langhorne, Pa.: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1993.

Marks, Steven. How Russia Shaped the Modern World: From Art to Anti-Semitism, Ballet to Bolshevism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Omel'ianchuk, I. V. Chernosotennoe dvizhenie v Rossiiskoi imperii, 1901-1914. Kiev: MAUP, 2006.

Rawson, Don C. Russian Rightists and the Revolution of 1905. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Rogger, Hans. "The Formation of the Russian Right 1906-1909." California Slavic Studies, 3 (1964).

Rogger, Hans. Jewish Policies and Right-wing Politics in Imperial Russia. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Stein, Sarah Abrebaya. Making Jews Modern: The Yiddish and Ladino Press in the Russian and Ottoman Empires. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004.


Bank, N. B., N. G. Zakharenko, and E. M. Shneiderman. Stikhotvornaia satira pervoi russkoi revoliutsii (1905-1907). Biblioteka poeta. Leningrad: Sovetskii pisatel’, Leningradskoe otdelenie, 1969. [An anthology]

Desnitskii, V. A. and K. D. Muratova. Revoliutsiia 1905 goda i russkaia literatura. Moscow: Akademiia nauk SSSR, 1956.

Evstigneeva, L. A. "Satiricheskie i iumoristicheskie zhurnaly." In Russkaia literatura i zhurnalistika nachala XX veka, ed. B. A. Bialik, 295-7. Moscow: Nauka, 1984.

Grossman, Joan D. "Russian Symbolism and the Year 1905: The Case of Valery Bryusov." Slavic and East European Journal 61: 3 (July, 1983): 341-362.

Grossman, Joan D. Valery Briusov and the Riddle of Russian Decadence. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.

Harkins. William E. "The Literary Content of 'The World of Art.'" In Literary Journalism in Imperial Russia, ed. Deborah A. Martinsen, 197-206. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Kesich, Lydia. "Gorky and the Znanie volumes, 1904-1913." Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University, 1967.

Pyman, Avril. A History of Russian Symbolism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Richardson, William. Zolotoe Runo and Russian Modernism: 1905-1910. Ann Arbor: Ardis, 1986.

Rosenthal, Bernice G. Dmitry Sergeevich Merezhkovsky and the Silver Age: The Development of a Revolutionary Mentality. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1975.

Rosenthal, Bernice G. "The Transmutation of the Symbolist Ethos: Mystical Anarchism and the Revolution of 1905." Slavic Review 36: 4 (December 1977): 608-628.

Weil, Irwin. "Gorkij's Relations with the Bolsheviks and Symbolists." Slavic and East European Journal 4: 18 (1960): 201-219.

Yershov, Peter, ed., Letters of Gorky and Andreev, 1899-1912, trans. Lydia Weston. New York: Columbia University Press, 1958.


Andreeva T. and M. Guseva. Sport nashikh dedov: Stranitsy istorii rossiiskogo sporta v fotografiakh kontsa XIX-nachala XX veka. St. Petersburg: Liki Rossii, 2002.

Engelstein, Laura. The Keys to Happiness: Sex and the Search for Modernity in Fin-de-siècle Russia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992.

Marks, Steven. How Russia Shaped the Modern World: From Art to Anti-Semitism, Ballet to Bolshevism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.

McReynolds, Louise. Russia at Play: Leisure Activities at the End of the Tsarist Era. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003.

Satirical Journals in the USC Collection:

  1. Troianskii, P. N., ed. Adskaia pochta. St. Petersburg: E. E. Lansere
    Issue numbers: 1-3 (1906)
  2. Golubiatnikov, V. Ia., ed. Aksiom. St. Petersburg: V. Ia. Golubiatnikov
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  3. Plekhanov, I. E., ed. Al’manakh. St. Petersburg: I. E. Plekhanov
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  4. Smirnov, I. I., ed. Anchar. St. Petersburg: L. M. Zuzerovich-Klebanskii
    Issue numbers: 3(1906)
  5. Chikolini, S., ed. Argus. St. Petersburg: S. Chikolini
    Issue numbers: 13 (1905)
  6. Budiakovskii, E. B., ed. Azart. St. Petersburg: E. B. Budiakovskii
    Issue numbers: 1(1907)
  7. Linskii, M. S., ed. Baraban. Petrograd: Novyi Satirikon
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1917)
  8. Liubavskii, G., ed. Bich. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  9. Vetlugin, N., A. V. Amfiteatrov, Shiriak, eds. Bich. Petrograd: Dabuzhskii
    Issue numbers: 10-12, 15, 42 (1916-17)
  10. Kartavov, P. A., ed. Bomba. St. Petersburg: P. A. Kartavov
    Issue numbers: One issue (1906?)
  11. Neznakomka, ed. Bomba. Zhurnal Revoliutsionnoi Satiry. Odessa: B. D. Flit // S. K. Tsessarskii
    Issue numbers: 20 (1917)
  12. Kartavov, P. A., ed. Bomby. St. Petersburg: P. A. Kartavov
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1906?)
  13. Umov (Neverov), Pavel, ed. Bortsy. St. Petersburg: Pavel Umov (Neverov)
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  14. Blokk, Genrikh, ed. Bosiak. St. Petersburg: Genrikh Blokk
    Issue numbers: One issue (1906)
  15. Levinskaia, E., ed. Budil'nik. E. Levinskaia
    Issue numbers: 10 (1906)
  16. Narusbek, E. M., ed. Buket:. Net rozy bez shilov. St. Petersburg: G. Narusbek
    Issue numbers: 1-6 (1906)
  17. Ongirskii, V. M., ed. Bulat. St. Petersburg: A. D. Rysis
    Issue numbers: 1-3 (1906)
  18. Erastov, G. I., ed. Burelom. St. Petersburg: G. I. Erastov
    Issue numbers: 1-2, 1b (1905), 2-3 (1906)
  19. Turok, V., ed. Bureval. St. Petersburg: M. Kasatkina
    Issue numbers: 1-2, 4 (1906)
  20. Erastov, G. P., ed. Buria. St. Petersburg: G. P. Erastov
    Issue numbers: 4-5 (1906)
  21. Solovskoi, A , ed. Chernye milliony. St. Petersburg: Golos pravdy
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  22. Iargin, ed. Deviatyi val. St. Petersburg: S. I. Chepurin
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1906)
  23. Sno. E. E., ed. Diatel. St. Petersburg: Narodnaia pol'za
    Issue numbers: 4 (1905)
  24. Dumskii almanakh: Satiricheskii illustrirovannyi sbornik. St. Petersburg: Priboi
    Issue numbers: One issue (1906)
  25. Gol'dberg, Iu. V., F. Kulikov, ed. Ezh. St. Petersburg: Iu. V. Gol'dberg
    Issue numbers: 1-7 (1907)
  26. Narusbek, G. N., ed. Fiskal. St. Petersburg: G. N. Narusbek
    Issue numbers: 1-5 (1906)
  27. Zaikin, A. V., ed. Fonar'. St. Petersburg: L. A. Zaikina
    Issue numbers: 1-3 (1905), 1-2 (1906)
  28. Brodovskii, M. M., ed. Fugas. St. Petersburg: M.M. Brodovskii
    Issue numbers: 1-4 (1906)?
  29. Bykov, V. Ia., ed. Gazeta Shebueva. St. Petersburg: N. G. Shebuev
    Issue numbers: 1-28 , 7-17 (1906)
  30. Zhukovitskii, Ch. L., ed. Grubiian. Moscow: Ch. L. Zhukovitskii
    Issue numbers: 3 (1915)
  31. Abaza, V., ed. Gudok. St. Petersburg: V. Abaza
    Issue numbers: 1-6 (1906)
  32. Muravkin, I., ed. Gvozd. St. Petersburg: I. Muravkin
    Issue numbers: 2 (1906)
  33. Vasilevskii, V. I., ed. Igla. St. Petersburg: V. I. Vasilevskii
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  34. Gol'mstrem, A., ed. Iumoristicheskii al’manakh. Boikot. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 67 (Vol. 33) (1906?)
  35. Gol'mstrem, A., ed. Iumoristicheskii al’manakh. Boloto. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 50 (Vol. 16); (1906?)
  36. Gol'mstrem, A., ed. Iumoristicheskii al’manakh. Duel. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 25 (Vol. 94) (1907?)
  37. Gol'mstrem, A., ed. Iumoristicheskii al’manakh. Listopad. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 59 (Vol. 25) (1906?)
  38. Gol'mstrem, A., ed. Iumoristicheskii al’manakh. Novogodnyi orakul. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 8 (Vol. 77); (1907?)
  39. Gol'mstrem, A., ed. Iumoristicheskii al’manakh. Predvybornaia instruktsiia. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 3 (Vol. 72) (1906?)
  40. Gol'mstrem, A., ed. Iumoristicheskii al’manakh. Progressivnyi izbiratel'. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 6 (Vol. 75) (1906?)
  41. Panchenko, V., ed. Iumoristicheskii al’manakh. Rubl'. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 2 (1904?)
  42. Gol'mstrem, A., ed. Iumoristicheskii al’manakh. Shchelchok. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 48 (Vol. 14) (1906?)
  43. Gol'mstrem, A., ed Iumoristicheskii al’manakh. Tachka. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 55 (Vol. 21) (1906?)
  44. Gol'mstrem, A., ed Iumoristicheskii al’manakh. Usilenno-xhrezvychaino-osadnaia fantaziia. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 62 (Vol. 28) (1906?)
  45. Gol'mstrem, A., ed . Iumoristicheskii al’manakh. Zatmenie. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 11(1907)
  46. Domontovich, A. F., ed. Iuvenal. St. Petersburg: A. F. Domontovich
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  47. Teitel'baum, N. B., ed. K Svetu. St. Petersburg: I. M. Levi //N. B. Teitel'baum
    Issue numbers: 2-3(1906)
  48. Narubsen, G. P., ed. Karikaturnyi listok Gazety gazet. St. Petersburg: G. P. Narubsen
    Issue numbers: 3 (1906)
  49. Gol'mstrem, A., ed. Kliuv. SP.: A. Gol'mstrem
    Issue numbers: 1(1905)
  50. Gol'dberg, Iu. V., ed. Kometa. St. Petersburg: Iu. V. Gol'dberg
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  51. Kaizerman, G. Ia., ed. Kosa. St. Petersburg: K. K. Arsen'ev // G. Ia. Kaizerman
    Issue numbers: 1-7 (1906)
  52. Pigit, S. S., ed. Kramola. Moscow: S. S. Pigit
    Issue numbers: 1(1905)
  53. Gibianskii, Ia. A., ed. Krasnyi Smekh. St. Petersburg: Ia. A. Gibianskii
    Issue numbers: 1-4 (1906)
  54. Miklashevskii, M. Nedvedomskii, ed. Leshii. St. Petersburg: E. Zarudnaia-Kavos
    Issue numbers: 1-4 (1906)
  55. Dubovitskii, P., ed. Letuchaia pochta. St. Petersburg: P. Dubovitskii
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1906?)
  56. Poroshin, P. F., ed. Malen'kii fel'eton. St. Petersburg: P. F. Poroshin
    Issue numbers: 1 (1908?)
  57. Gol'dberg, Iu. V., ed. Malen'kii zhurnal. St. Petersburg: Iu. V. Gol'dberg
    Issue numbers: One issue (1907)
  58. Mukalov, M. K., ed. Maliar. St. Petersburg: M. K. Mukalov
    Issue numbers: 1-5 (1906)
  59. Chekhonin, S. V., ed. Maski. St. Petersburg: S. V. Chekhonin
    Issue numbers: 1-6, 8-9 (1906)
  60. Vol'kenau, A., ed. Miting. St. Petersburg: L. L. Linevich
    Issue numbers: 1, 3 (1905)
  61. Shoshin, P. I., ed. Moi pulemet: Khudozhestvennoe obshchestenno-politicheskoe izdanie s karrikaturami. St. Petersburg: P. I. Shoshin
    Issue numbers: 1-5 (1906)
  62. Lesnevskii, V., ed. Molodaia Rossiia. St. Petersburg: V. Lesnevskii
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  63. Dikson, K. I., and N. N. Gerardov, eds. Molot. St. Petersburg: A. K. Dikson
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1906)
  64. Khriapin, K. V., ed. Moment. St. Petersburg: E. F. Iur'evna
    Issue numbers: 1-3 (1907)
  65. Serebrovskii, S., ed. Na rasput'i. S. Serebrovskii
    Issue numbers: 1-2, 4-5 (1906)
  66. plus supplement to no. 1
  67. Ivanov, A. F., ed. Nagaechka. St. Petersburg: Kh. M. Knorring
    Issue numbers: 1-4 (1906)
  68. Pleshcheev A. A., ed. Nevod. Ezhenedel'nyi literaturno-khudozhestvennyi, obshchestvennyi, i satiricheskii zhurnal. St. Petersburg: A. A. Pleshcheev
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  69. Gol'dberg, Iu., ed. Noch'. Rasprostranitel'
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  70. Gurskaia, M. K., ed. Otboi: Khudozhestvennyi zhurnal obshchestvennoi i politcheskoi satiry. St. Petersburg: M. K. Gurskaia
    Issue numbers: 1-5 (1906)
  71. Zimin, F. K., ed. Ovod: Literaturno-satiricheskii zhurnal. St. Petersburg: A. D. Rysis
    Issue numbers: 1-6 (1906)
  72. Sokolov, P. S., ed. Paiats. V. M. Vyshomirskii
    Issue numbers: 1 (1905)
  73. Emel'ianov, N., ed. Passazhir. 2-ia Gosudarstvennaia Duma v russkoi i inostrannoi satire. Moscow: N. Emel'ianov
    Issue numbers: 1 (1907)
  74. Danishevskii, Nikolai, ed. Pchela. St. Petersburg: N. Danishevskii
    Issue numbers: 1-2, 4-5 (1906)
  75. Popov, A., ed. Perets. St. Petersburg: A. Popov
    Issue numbers: One issue (1906)
  76. Golub, D. F., ed. Piatnitsa. St. Petersburg: D. F. Golub
    Issue numbers: 1 (1907)
  77. Agraev, G. V., and A. I. Gessen, eds. Plamia. St. Petersburg: G. V. Agraev // A. I. Gessen
    Issue numbers: 1-4 (1906)
  78. Brevern, V. M., and V. Lebel', eds. Pliuvium: Zakonoe ditia Vittovoi pliaski. St. Petersburg: V. M. Brevern, tipografiia A. S. Suvorina
    Issue numbers: 1-33, 35-52, 57-61, 63-71 (1906-8)
  79. Ongirskii, V. M., ed. Poedinok. St. Petersburg: A. Rysis
    Issue numbers: 1-3 (1906)
  80. Kamenskii, A. P., ed. Prometei. St. Petersburg: M. Mazel'
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1906)
  81. Shebuev, N. G., ed. Pulemet. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 1-3, special 3, 4-5, 7, 11 (1905-6); 1 (?) (1917)
  82. Novikov, S. D., ed. Puli: Politicheskii satiricheskii ezhenedel'nyi zhurnal. St. Petersburg: S. D. Novikov
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1905), 1-7 (1906)
  83. Kir'iakov, V. V., and I. A. Safonov, eds. Rabochii narod. St. Petersburg: I. A. Safonov
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1906)
  84. Kramalei, M. M., ed. Rus'. St. Petersburg: A. Suvorin
    Issue numbers: 11 (1907)
  85. Samokhotnik: Satirichno-gumoristichnii chasopis ukrains'kogo sichovogo viis'ka.
    Issue numbers: One issue (1917)
  86. Arnol'd, V. M., ed. Satira. St. Petersburg: A. Dedenev
    Issue numbers: 2 (1906)
  87. Arnol'd, V. M., ed. Satira. Dekabristy. St. Petersburg: A. Dedenev
    Issue numbers: One issue (1906)
  88. Di-Sen'i, N. K., ed. Satiricheskoe obozrenie. St. Petersburg: N. K. Di-Sen'i
    Issue numbers: 1-3 (1906)
  89. Gol'dberg, Iu. V.,ed. Satirik. St. Petersburg: Iu. Gol'dberg
    Issue numbers: 1 (1907)
  90. Kornfeld, N., ed. Satirikon. Paris: Kornfeld
    Issue numbers: 1-7, 9-11, 14-17 (1931)
  91. Ettinger, O. G., ed. Schast'e. St. Petersburg: O. G. Ettinger
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1906)
  92. Brodovskii, M. M., ed. Sekira. St. Petersburg: M. M. Brodovskii
    Issue numbers: 1-10, 12-14 (1905-6)
  93. Lozinskii, V., ed. Shershen. Kiev: V. Lozinskii
    Issue numbers: 3, 6, 10 (1906)
  94. Karant, G. N., ed. Shpil'ka. Odessa: G. N. Karant
    Issue numbers: One issue (1906)
  95. Averchenko, A. T., ed. Shtyk. Khar'kov: E. F. Tikhonovich
    Issue numbers: One issue (1906)
  96. Golike, R., ed. Shut. St. Petersburg: R. Golike
    Issue numbers: 5-9 (1906-7)
  97. Iazykova, Vera, ed. Shut: Khudozhestvennyi zhurnal s karikaturami. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: One issue (1906); 1-20, 22-52 (1907)
  98. Chukovskii, K., ed. Signal. St. Petersburg: K. Chukovskii
    Issue numbers: 1-4 (1905)
  99. Turok, V. E., ed. Signaly. St. Petersburg: V. E. Turok
    Issue numbers: Special supplement (1905); 1-4 (1906)
  100. Rysis, A. D., ed. Skandal "Sarancha". St. Petersburg: A. D. Rysis
    Issue numbers: 12 (1906)
  101. Solodilov, V E., ed. Skazki. St. Petersburg: V. E. Solodilov
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1907)
  102. Paskevich, G., ed. Skomorokh. St. Petersburg: G. Paskevich
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1906)
  103. Daikhes, I. T., ed. Skorpion. St. Petersburg: Iu. S. Idel'son
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1906)
  104. Shebuev, N. G., ed. Sochineniia N. G. Shebueva. St. Petersburg: L. A. Shebueva
    Issue numbers: 1-3 (1906)
  105. Titov, M. I., ed. Sprut. St. Petersburg: M. G. Kornfel'd
    Issue numbers: 1-9, 11, 13-15 (1905-6)
  106. Fedorov, S. M., ed. Strana Mechty. St. Petersburg: S. M. Fedorov
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  107. Slezkinskaia, Z., ed. Strazh. St. Petersburg: Z. Slezkinskaia
    Issue numbers: 2-10 (1906), 1 (1907)
  108. Vasilievskii, I. F., ed. Strekoza. St. Petersburg: E. M. Kornfel'd
    Issue numbers: 48 (1907), 13 (1917)
  109. Arkhangel'skaia, M., ed. Strekoza. Petrograd: I. Bolgel'man
    Issue numbers: One issue (1917)
  110. Iazykova, Vera, ed. Strela. St. Petersburg: Vera Iazykova
    Issue numbers: 1-2, 4, 6-8 (1907)
  111. Knorozovskii, I. M., ed. Strely. St. Petersburg: I. M. Knorozovskii
    Issue numbers: 2-9 (1905-6)
  112. Khotulev, A. P., ed. Svetaet. St. Petersburg: G. M. Naryshkin
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1906)
  113. Svistok. Odessa.
    Issue numbers: 3 (1906?)
  114. Usas, S. M. and A. M. Gut'iar, eds. Svoboda. St. Petersburg: S. I. Chepurnyi
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1905-6)
  115. Kholodnyi, and E. M. Adamov, ed. Svobodnyi Smekh. St. Petersburg: I. Sturukht, E. M. Adamov
    Issue numbers: 1-10, 12-14, 17-23 (1905-6)
  116. Tavricheskaia Vittova pliaska. St. Petersburg: S. V. Voeikov
    Issue numbers: 2 issues (1906)
  117. Bogoiavlenskii, E. ed. Trepach. St. Petersburg: Trepach
    Issue numbers: One issue (1906?); 1-2, 5-6, 8, 10, 12-13, 15-20, 22-23, 25, 27, 33 (1917)
  118. Kuklina, M. A., ed. Trudovoi Soiuz. St. Petersburg: M. A. Kuklina
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  119. Iantarev, Sergei, ed. Udav. [Kiev?]: S. Iantarev
    Issue numbers: One issue (1906)
  120. Breitman, G. N., and Ia. P. Davydov, eds. Urod.
    Issue numbers: 14 (1918)
  121. Katlovker, B., ed. Vampir. St. Petersburg: M. Gidalevich // M. Gorodetski 1-8 (1906)
  122. Vittova pliaska prodolzhaetsia. St. Petersburg: Zaria
    Issue numbers: One issue (1906)
  123. Gol'dberg, Iu. V., ed. Vodolaz. St. Petersburg: Iu. V. Gol'dberg
    Issue numbers: 1-5 (1906)
  124. Mendel'son, S. N., ed. Vodovorot. St. Petersburg: S. N. Mendel'son
    Issue numbers: 1-6, 8-9 (1906), 1-3 (1907)
  125. Potapenko, I. N., ed. Volshebnyi Fonar'. St. Petersburg: K. Chetverikov
    Issue numbers: 1-3 (1905), 1-5 (1906)
  126. Vasin, N., ed. Voron. Moscow : Tipo-litografiia i perepletnaia M. Kinel'ovskoi
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906?)
  127. Solomko, P. S., ed. Vsemirnyi politicheskii karikaturist. St. Petersburg: P. S. Solomko
    Issue numbers: 1-4 (1906)
  128. Zuzerozich-Kubanskii, L. M., ed. Zabiiaka. St. Petersburg: V. A. Zabelin
    Issue numbers: 1 (1905), 1-3 (1906)
  129. Zalp. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: One issue (1906)
  130. Antropov, P. L., ed. Zanoza. St. Petersburg: S. D. Novikov // A. K. Gomulin
    Issue numbers: 1-14 (1906), 1 (1917)
  131. Fidelli, N. I., ed. Zarevo. Moscow: N. I. Fidelli
    Issue numbers: 1-2, 4 (1906)
  132. Trofimov, V. V., ed. Zarevo. St. Petersburg: A. Kasatkin
    Issue numbers: 2, 4 (1906)
  133. Kats, I. N. and L. I. Zarnitsyn, ed. Zarnitsy. St. Petersburg: Ia. V. Iugikhess
    Issue numbers: 1-6, 8-9 (1906)
  134. Mukalov, M. K., ed. Zastrel'shik. St. Petersburg: L. A. Zaikina
    Issue numbers: 1-2 (1906)
  135. Gurskaia, M. K., ed. Zdravyi smysl. St. Petersburg: M. K. Gurskaia
    Issue numbers: 1 (1907)
  136. Pankrat'ev, V. V., ed. Zerkalo: Satiricheskii zhurnal. St. Petersburg: V. V. Pankrat'ev
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  137. Zhalo. St. Petersburg: Zhalo
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  138. Zaikin, A. V., ed. Zhgut. St. Petersburg: E. N. Gulinova
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  139. Kasatkin, A., ed. Zhizn'. St. Petersburg: A. Kasatkin
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  140. Iuritsyn, S., ed. Zhupel'. St. Petersburg
    Issue numbers: 4 (1905)
  141. Geier, B. F., ed. Zhurnal Velikaia Moskva. St. Petersburg: B. F. Geier
    Issue numbers: One issue (1906)
  142. Gussakovskii, I., ed. Zloi dukh. Khar’kov: I. Gussakovskii
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  143. Galach'ev, A. G., ed. Znamia. St. Petersburg: A. G. Galach'ev
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
  144. Artsybushev, Iu. K. [and various others],ed. Zritel'. St. Petersburg: Iu. K. Artsybushev// L. A. Nikiforova , E. P. Vashchenko //B. F. Geier
    Issue numbers: 1-24 (1905), 1-2 (1906), 1-11 (1908)
  145. Gol'mstrem, A., ed. Zvonar'. A. Gol'mstrem
    Issue numbers: 1 (1906)
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